Miniature Painting

Rajasthan has been a great center of Indian arts and crafts in general and paintings in particular. The decoration of dwellings and other household objects was but one aspect of the creative genius of the Rajasthani - the world of miniature paintings is perhaps the most fascinating and the distinctive styles that have existed here are renowned the world over.
Miniature Painting  
From the 16th century onwards, various schools of painting flourished in Rajasthan the Mewar School, Bundi-Kota Kalam, Bikaner, Jaipur, Marwar and Kishangarh Schools. Each school having an inimitable and distinctive style.
These medieval miniature paintings vividly render hills, valleys gardens, palaces, court scenes, desert and religious processions.
Themes from Ramayana, Krishna Lila, Choura Panchasika, Ragamala series and a Gita Govinda were commonly used. The colors used by the artists were made from minerals, vegetables, precious stones, conch shells, pure gold and silver. And it took as long as several months to prepare the colors.


Rajput miniatures which flourished under princely patronage are being reproduced even today, by descendants of the original craftsmen. Although several innovations have taken place in the paintings, their classical element and aura continues.
The miniature paintings of Rajasthan are renowned the world over. It is believed that miniature paintings were being made in Rajasthan as early as the 18th century and later the Mughal court employed the artists.
Miniature Painting  
Today, families engaged in miniature paintings exist in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Nathdwara and Kishangarh and continue to paint fine works of art on handmade paper. The ancient tradition of scroll painting survives in Rajasthan as Phadas and Pichwais in bold vigorous lines and bright primary colours displaying much of the ancient Indian tradition of narrative painting.