Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh The town of the brave, known for its massive fort atop a hill, which can be singled out for its glorious past. The fort has a chequered history and has witnessed some of the bloodiest battles of all times.
Chittorgarh was plundered again in 1535 by Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and finally by the Moghul Emperor Akbar, in 1567, in an attempt to subdue Maharana Udai Singh.
The Fort A standing sentinel to the courage and valour of Chittorgarh, it stands tall over a 180 meter high hillock covering a massive area of 700 acres. The fort is believed to have been built by the Maurya rulers in 7th century A.D. The fort is a treasure house of history and historical monuments, the approach to the fort is very difficult, the one mile steep serpentine thoroughfare is exhaustive and the fort is reached through huge seven pols or gates, which are infact the strong points having a water tower and massive iron spiked doors. It was ravaged thrice, and each time phoenix-like it rose again.

Allaudin Khilji was the first to sack Chittaur in 1303, legend and history corroborate that this was because of his passionate desire to abduct Rani Padmini. Yet she preferred death to dishonour, and commited Jauhar along with the other ladies of the court.
The fort is approached throufh massive pols or gates. Near Bhairon Pol, is a cenotaph or chhatri in honour of the chivalrous Jaimal and his cousin Kala, who laid doen their lives whilst defending chittor against the Mughals. Jaimal who was carried into battle on the shoulders of his cousin Kala, both of them died while showing exemplary courage.
At Ram Pol is a memorial to Phatta, who was only 16 years old and had just been married, his father had already died defending chittorgarh, and was sent in to the battle by his mother, to free her son from any affection towards home she herself picked up a sword along with his bride and jumped in to the battle field both of them died in front of Phatta.
Phatta leading the saffron robed men from the front thundered down like lightening from the mighty fortress to die fighting. The other major gates are Padal Pol and Hanuman Pol, With a distinct Rajput style of architecture.
The Important monuments inside the fort are:
  • Vijay Stambh or Victory Tower - Built by Rana Kumbha in 1440, to commemorate the victory over the combined forces of the kings of neighboring Malwa and Gujarat, this tower is 120 ft. high and has a girth of 30 ft. at the base, the nine storeyed high limestone structure is richly ornamented from top to bottom.

  • Kirti Stabbh or Tower of Fame - Built in 12th centuary, dedicated to Lord Sri Adinath Rishabdeo, the first Jain Tirthankar. The 22 metre high structure is replete with figures from Jain pantheon.

  • Rana Kumbhas Palace - The largest monument of the fort, it is believed that Rani Padmini committed Jauhar, in one of these underground cellars. The palace is in ruins but generates historical as well as architectural interest.

  • Padmini Palace - The palace of Rani Padmini, who preferred death before dishonour, and committed Johar, along with her entire entourage before falling in to the hands of Allauddin Khilji.

    It was here that Rana Ratan singh allowed a glimpse of the legendary beauty to Allauddin Khilji. The Zanana Mahal overlooks the pond, Padmini stood overhere and the reflection of her was shown in the water to Allauddin Khilji.

  • Meera Temple - The temple is dedicated to the mystic poetess Meera, and a devotee of Lord Krishna. Legends say that she consumed poison sent by Vikramaditya but nothing happened to her due to the blessing of Lord Krishna.