Textile Industry in Rajasthan
Textile is an important industry for Rajasthan, representing over 20 per cent of
the investment made in the state. Rajasthan contributes over 7.5 per cent of Indias
production of cotton and blended yarn (235,000 tones in 2002-03) and over 5 per
cent of fabrics (60 million sq meters).
The key factor responsible for development of textile industry in Rajasthan is availability
of cotton and wool in the state. Production of cotton in Rajasthan has, however,
declined from over 1.4 million bales in 1996- 97 (approx. 10 per cent of Indias
production) to 0.7 million bales 2003-04. Wool production in Rajasthan has grown
from 16 million kg in 1992-93 to around 20 million kg, currently representing over
40 per cent of Indias wool production.
Abundant availability of this key raw material has prompted many textile units to
locate in the state. With a network of backward and forward linkage, Rajasthans
textile industry offers significant competitive advantage to the industry. Availability
of trained labor is another factor contributing to the success of the industry in
Textile Manufacturing Areas in Rajasthan
Bhilwara emerged as India's largest manufacturer of suiting, fabrics and yarn. Its
share in the polyester/viscose fabrics (suiting) sector is around 50 per cent in
Rajasthan has leading position in spinning of polyester viscose yarn & synthetic
suiting and processing, printing & dyeing of low cost, low weight fabric (at Pali,
Balotra, Sanganer and Bagru). Besides, Jaipur is also a well-known centre for manufacturing
garments primarily for exports.
Sanganer town, district Jaipur (Rajasthan, India), is famous worldwide for its dyeing
and printing industries. There are about 400 industries involved in textile printing
processes. Some knitting units are in process of setting up their ventures at Neemrana.
Prominent players in the textile industry with presence in Rajasthan include Rajasthan
Spinning& Weaving Mills, JK Synthetics, Nahar International and BSL Group.
Type of Textile in Rajasthan
- Hand Block Printing
Hand block printing is a traditional form of imparting motifs and colour on fabric,
mostly cotton. Carved wooden blocks soaked in different colors are pasted on the
fabric. It is an eco-friendly form of printing on textiles.Meticulous printing by
hand is done using vegetable dyes. Though hand block printing is widely practised
all over the state.
Two villages close to Jaipur, Sanganer and Bagru, are devoted solely to the pursuit.
Sanganeri is famous for its delicate floral sprigs, Bagru for its linear and zigzag
stripes in earth colors. Barmer, a town located in the heart of the desert, is known
for its red indigo geometric ajraks and historic Chittor for its jajam prints.
- Zari work
Gota, zardosi, banarsi are made for formal and bridal ensembles, with metallic and
Another Rajasthani specialty is the quilt. These feather-soft and feather-light
quilts are called razais. Though these quilts are available all over the state,
it is in Jaipur that they have reached a degree of perfection. Available in beautiful
colors with Sanganeri prints, bright tie-dyed materials, marble prints on cotton
or in brightly hued velvet, they weigh very little yet are comfortingly warm.