Stone Industry in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is the mainstay of the Indian stone industry and has over 90 per cent of the country's marble, sandstone and flaggy limestone deposits along with a major share of granite and slate deposits spread over the entire state.
Stone Industry
The Rajasthan stone industry is poised for a foray into the International stone market with its wide variety of stones and a dynamic entrepreneurial base. The industrial infrastructure in Rajasthan compares favorably with the best in the country. Industrial areas developed by the Rajasthan State Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. (RIICO) are spread over the whole state and have catalyzed an industrial revolution in the state.

Types of Stone in Rajasthan

  • Marble Stone

    Rajasthan alone accounts for 1,100 million tons of the total known Indian resources of 1200 million tons (91 per cent of India's deposits) and 95 per cent of India's marble production. About 3658 marble mining leases, 1,100 marble processing units and 50 automatic tiling plants with a marble slab processing capacity of 1,000 million sq. ft. per annum and marble tiling capacity of 300 million sq. ft. per annum.

    Stone Industry  

    Rajasthan has a huge concentration of marble with reserves dissipated in various districts of Nagaur, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Sirohi, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Bundi, Alwar and Pali. Makrana, a small town in Rajasthan, has been famous for its marble mines since ancient times. The different colors found in Rajsthan marbles are Makrana Albeta White, Green, Makrana Kumari White, Makrana Dungri White, Jhiri Onyx, Phalodi Pink, Ambaji White, Indo-Italian, Babarmal Pink, Bhainslana Black, Forest Green, Forest Brown, Agaria White.

  • Granite Stone

    Granite reserves in Rajasthan are estimated at 8479 million cubic metres and are spread over in the districts of Barmer, Jalore, Pali, Sirohi, Alwar, Jaipur, Jhunjhunu, Tonk, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Sikar and Udaipur. Prominent cluster of granite processing and quarrying in Rajasthan is Jalore with hundreds of small tiling plants. The quarries in Jalore, Barmer and Jaisalmer produce a wide variety of stones of excellent quality and colours.

  • Flaggy Limestone (Kotahstone)

    Kotastone from Kota is a fine-grained limestone, which comes in distinct colours of greenish-blue & brown. Non-water absorbent, no-slip & non-porous kotastone is a preferred stone for flooring and cladding. Flaggy limestone from Jaisalmer, which is yellow in colour, is renowned for its consistency in colour.

    An interesting variety of the stone contains exotic fossils imprinted in it. Prominent clusters are Ramganj mandi, Jhalawar, Nimbahera, Kota and Jaisalmer. Internationally, the stone has been used in places all over the globe like, major tube stations of London, Zurich & Frankfurt airports etc.

  • Sandstone

    Sandstone reserves in Rajasthan, estimated at 900 million tons, are spread over in the districts of Bharatpur, Dholpur, Kota, Jodhpur, Sawai-Madhopur, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Bikaner, Jhalawar, Karauli, Nagaur and Jaisalmer. Prominent clusters of sandstone activity in the state are Dholpur, Karauli, Hindaun City, Sikandra, Bijolia and Jodhpur.

    Many major historical landmarks in India like Red Fort, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Parliament House, India Gate, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Fatehpur Sikri etc. are made of sandstone from Rajasthan.

  • Slate

    The slate deposits of Alwar district are of export quality although slate deposits occur in districts of Alwar, Ajmer, Bharatpur, Tonk, Sawai Madhopur, Pali, Udaipur, Churu and Chittorgarh. Appearing in multicolour, Brown, Red. Greyish black, colours, it is mainly exported to Holland, Germany, Australia, Japan, and Singapore.