Handicraft Industry in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is a different world. Its colors, patterns and traditional skills of craft-making are overwhelming. Fashioned by craftsmen with skills preferred over generations and a dedication to their craft bordering on workship, their products embody the motifs and colors of Rajasthan. In other words, Rajasthani Handicrafts are creative transformation of the spirit of romance and gaiety of the lively people of this classic land.
The exports of handicraft from Rajasthan in 2003-04 stood at Rs. 1800 crores, against an export of Rs. 1200 crores in 2002-03, with a growth of 33%. In Rajasthan about 6 7 lakh people are engaged in this industry.
Every District & every village of Rajasthan has a rich cultural & historical background & at least one unique craft to boast of. Considering the drought situation which exists almost every year, it is one sector which can provide huge employment & alternate income to rural masses.
The economic importance of the handicraft sector lies in their high employment potential, low capital investment, high value addition & high demand in domestic & overseas markets.
Jaipur is one of the most important areas not just in Rajasthan, but also in the country for the production & subsequent export of handicrafts. The Indian handicrafts are known for its ethnicity and elegancy.

Types of Handicraft in Rajasthan

The rich history of Rajasthans craft tradition has evolved over the centuries offering a legacy of Indian culture promising everything - beauty, dignity, form and style.
The variety is comprehensive and ranges from age-old stone carvings to modern handicrafts making use of glass flints and mirrors. The most popular crafts include metalware, earthenware, pottery, sculpting, woodwork, hand-printed textiles and scarves, embroidered and crocheted goods, shawls, zari products, stone carving and imitation Jewellery.
The present day handicraft tradition of Rajasthan is a perfect example of assimilation between the traditional designs and modern techniques. The fast growing demands for Rajasthan handicraft and gifts products have made this sector a full-fledged large scale organized industry that is growing day by day.
Handicraft Today, some of the sectors within the craft industry have even become full fledged industries in their own, like - carpet weaving, traditional textile (Banarsi silk sari, Chikankari etc), gem cutting and polishing, Jewellery making, the world famous diamond cutting and polishing industry, brassware, jute products, etc. The growth of these industries is due to their ever-increasing demand and the popularity of Indian crafts in the domestic market and overseas. Gems and Jewellery, carpet making, metalware, leather products, jute products etc. are some industries, which are growing rapidly.

Future Prospects

The dynamism of handicrafts industry in India is unparalleled - be it the traditional Indian arts and crafts or a customized version of an overseas art form. Unlike in the past when the industry was battling to carve a niche in the market, there is a great demand for Indian handicrafts today that is being nurtured by different government and non-governmental organizations.
The sector is economically important from the point of view of low capital investment, high ratio of value addition, and high potential for export and foreign exchange earnings for the country.
The industrial revolution and the increasing productivity had slowed down the growth and the quality of arts and crafts, but for some decades now, the scenario has changed and machine-made products no longer attract the people.
Presently handicrafts are being considered as vocational media and it is also opted for style statement and the leisure pursuit. Today, the crafts and craftspeople have a vital role to play in modern India not just as part of its cultural and tradition, but as part of its economic future.