Handicraft Industry in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a different world. Its colors, patterns and traditional skills of craft-making
are overwhelming. Fashioned by craftsmen with skills preferred over generations
and a dedication to their craft bordering on workship, their products embody the
motifs and colors of Rajasthan. In other words, Rajasthani Handicrafts are creative
transformation of the spirit of romance and gaiety of the lively people of this
The exports of handicraft from Rajasthan in 2003-04 stood at Rs. 1800 crores, against
an export of Rs. 1200 crores in 2002-03, with a growth of 33%. In Rajasthan about
6 7 lakh people are engaged in this industry.
Every District & every village of Rajasthan has a rich cultural & historical background
& at least one unique craft to boast of. Considering the drought situation which
exists almost every year, it is one sector which can provide huge employment & alternate
income to rural masses.
The economic importance of the handicraft sector lies in their high employment potential,
low capital investment, high value addition & high demand in domestic & overseas
Jaipur is one of the most important areas not just in Rajasthan, but also in the
country for the production & subsequent export of handicrafts. The Indian handicrafts
are known for its ethnicity and elegancy.
Types of Handicraft in Rajasthan
The rich history of Rajasthans craft tradition has evolved over the centuries offering
a legacy of Indian culture promising everything - beauty, dignity, form and style.
The variety is comprehensive and ranges from age-old stone carvings to modern handicrafts
making use of glass flints and mirrors. The most popular crafts include metalware,
earthenware, pottery, sculpting, woodwork, hand-printed textiles and scarves, embroidered
and crocheted goods, shawls, zari products, stone carving and imitation Jewellery.
The present day handicraft tradition of Rajasthan is a perfect example of assimilation
between the traditional designs and modern techniques. The fast growing demands
for Rajasthan handicraft and gifts products have made this sector a full-fledged
large scale organized industry that is growing day by day.
Today, some of the sectors within the craft industry have even become full fledged
industries in their own, like - carpet weaving, traditional textile (Banarsi silk
sari, Chikankari etc), gem cutting and polishing, Jewellery making, the world famous
diamond cutting and polishing industry, brassware, jute products, etc. The growth
of these industries is due to their ever-increasing demand and the popularity of
Indian crafts in the domestic market and overseas. Gems and Jewellery, carpet making,
metalware, leather products, jute products etc. are some industries, which are growing
The dynamism of handicrafts industry in India is unparalleled - be it the traditional
Indian arts and crafts or a customized version of an overseas art form. Unlike in
the past when the industry was battling to carve a niche in the market, there is
a great demand for Indian handicrafts today that is being nurtured by different
government and non-governmental organizations.
The sector is economically important from the point of view of low capital investment,
high ratio of value addition, and high potential for export and foreign exchange
earnings for the country.
The industrial revolution and the increasing productivity had slowed down the growth
and the quality of arts and crafts, but for some decades now, the scenario has changed
and machine-made products no longer attract the people.
Presently handicrafts are being considered as vocational media and it is also opted
for style statement and the leisure pursuit. Today, the crafts and craftspeople
have a vital role to play in modern India not just as part of its cultural and
tradition, but as part of its economic future.