Gems and Jewellery Industry in Rajasthan

Gems & Jewellery constitute 17% of India's export, of which a significant contribution comes from Rajasthan. For centuries, Jaipur has been a world-renowned centre for sourcing of fine-cut precious and semi-precious gemstones. Over the past decade, the industry has witnessed a complete transformation. With heavy investment in technology, gemstone cutters have forward integrated and have started Jewellery manufacturing.
Gems and Jewellery  
Rajasthan is the biggest production centre of colored precious & semi-precious stones .Emerald constitutes the major chunk of the export. Rajasthan contributes substantially to Indias total export of cut and polished stones aggregating over US$ 10 billion.

Jewellery Market and Government Initiatives

Jaipur has been identified as a major centre for gold Jewellery export, whereas for silver other areas are Alwar & Salumbar.
The key advantage offered by Rajasthan is the availability of skilled personnel. Jaipur has also traditionally been a centre for Jewellery making for the domestic market. Rajasthan is the largest manufacturer of cut & polished diamonds and the gem processing industry but price realization is the least.
RIICO has developed a special zone for Gems & Jewellery at the Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) at Sitapura, Jaipur. The industrys competitive position will further strengthen with the setting up on a dedicated Special Economic Zone in Jaipur. Opportunities lie in setting up manufacturing units of Jewellery and Jewellery ancillaries.

Types of Jewellery in Rajasthan

Gems and Jewellery
Rajasthan is famous for its Jewellery industry and it is one of the world's largest centre for hand-cutting of gems. It is India's important source for precious and semi precious stones like; Ruby, Emerald, Garnets, Agate, Amethyst, Topaz, Lapis lazuli, Carnelian, etc.
Rajasthan is known for the art of silver smithy, beginning from anklets to earrings to head gears. A lot of effort goes into its making since most of the rural communities wear silver ornaments.
Besides silver, it is known for its Lac bangles, Kundan and Minakari, enameled gold jewellery, uncut diamonds and emerald-cutting. Another most exclusive art is 'thewa' from Chittaur popular for its gold work on glass. Some of the traditional adornments are Rakhdi (head ornament), Tussi (necklace), Baju Bandh (armlet), Adah (special neclace worn by Rajputs), Gokhrus (bracelets), Pajebs (anklets), etc. Kundan,the art of setting stones in gold famous in Bikaner and Jodhpur.
Minakari is the Art of enamelling in gold and silver for other metal (meenakari can be done in precious, semi precious gems or the cheaper coloured glass also). It is made in Jaipur, Nathdwara and Pratapgarh.