Amber Fort - Jaipur

Amber derives its name from Ambikashwar, a title of Shiva or from Ambarisha. The oldest inscription found here dates back from 954 A.D. The place was once under the hold of the Mina tribe from whom it was wrested by the Kachhawaha Rajputs in the 11th century.
Amber Fort
The sprawling Amber Fort is a typical example of what the lives of our gallant Rajputs were like militant, adventurous, temperamental and also self-indulgent.
Amber set in picturesque location, Amber is a fascinating blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Built in the 16th century by Raja Man Singh, it sprawls on the hillside.

Location and Architecture of Amber Fort

Amber fort is surrounded by chaotic masses of hills of various heights. The adjoining hilly terrain is full of forest and provides ample opportunity of defense. The ascent to the fort leads to the first gate thrown across this way.
After crossing the second gate the way is bifurcated, one is leading upward on the right side with a slight ascent. The other goes direct to the small fortified castle called Jaigarh. At some distance from the bifurcation of the path, there stands a gate through which the ascending path leads to jaigarh.

Amber Fort Attractions

Amber fort was built in red sandstone and white marble. The palace complex has some very interesting apartments, the likes of which are not to be found anywhere else in the country. Jai Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Sukh Niwas, Ganesh Pol are some of the prominent areas of interest.
On one bastion of this fort called Deewa Burj a high tower stands which was previously used as search light house, indicating location of the Fort.
Amber Fort  
The Entrance to the great courtyard on the lower terrace of the palace is through an imposing archway. Both sides are covered with the bases of Palaces and barracks. The royal Palace on the left extremity of the enclosure is approached by a long flight of steps through a double gate-way, called Singh Pol, which opens in to Court of Diwan-i-Am. The kali temple is situated behind this pol. The silver plate studded doors of the temple built of white marble is an admirable piece of great beauty.
  • The Diwan-I-Am Hall of Audience constructed by Mirza Raja Jaisingh is open from three sides. It has a double line of grey marble and sand stone pillers supporting a vaulted roof. The pillers with its exquisite carving of elephant and fresco paintings are said to have kindled jealousy of Jahangir and ultimately the painting was covered with plaster. The system of inter-columniations of this hall containing 48 columns is a fine admixture of indo-Muslim architecture.

  • The Ganesh pol Built by Mirza Raja Jaisingh in 1639 A.D. is covered with paintings in tempera and covered with mosaics and temper. The royal apartment is decorated with paintings on colored glass pieces.

  • The Jai Mander, Sheesh Mahal and Jas Mandir Exquisite and delicate decorations in mosaics and marbles alabaster panels inlaid with decorative motifs and have in-lay work of glass. Sohag Mandir has marble screen while Sukh Mandir has doors inlaid with ivory and sandal-wood. The palaces of Raja Man are a fine specimens of ancient system of constructing the building, its walls glancing with bright and subdued colors.

    Near the Fort, there lies a group of temples among which the Jagat Siromani temple is noted for its exquisite carving and architecture. A museum, garden and Maota Lake below the fort are other pieces of interest at Amber Fort.

    One thing you would definitely notice about Amber Fort is the elephant ride up the fort which is considered the major tourist attraction. Also the elephant festival in the month of march is held at the fort and near by locations which is another great time to visit this fort.

    The old township of Amber that lies at the foothills of the palace is no less interesting and has an old world charm, a character of its own. Jagat Siromani temple, Narsingh temple, Panna Mian ki Baodi are some of the places of interest. The cobbled streets and the ruins of old havelies give the place an old world.